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Freight Class

To ensure items are classified in a way that is accurate and fair, the NMFTA maintains a three-to-five member council experienced in freight classification. Known as the Freight Classification Development Council (FCDC), they review all freight classifications.

What is Freight Class?

There are four factors the NMFTA uses when assigning commodities to a Freight Class:

  • Density
  • Ease of Handling
  • Stowability
  • Liability

Density is the greatest determining factor when placing a commodity into a specific freight class. 

The process used to determine how those factors affect shipping is referred to as freight classification. The classification system is essential for ensuring consistency and fairness in freight pricing and plays a vital role in the efficient functioning of the transportation and logistics sector.

Freight classes, and their corresponding charge estimates, can change according to new practices or shipping standards. Freight class estimates are possible through a freight class calculator that determines a shipment’s density. However, shippers relying on LTL services should always obtain an accurate NMFC Freight Class from their carrier.  

Navigate the complexities in truckload shipping easily with our comprehensive resources blog. You’ll find practical insights and strategies to increase your profitability. 

Related articles: 

LTL Freight Class vs NMFC: The Conclusive Guide For Shippers 

What Does FAK Mean in Shipping? (And Why it Matters)

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