Deep water ports in Texas surround the state with a total of twelve ports. These highly competitive structures are frequently used in the foreign and domestic trade industry. Deep water ports are often used to transport oil and natural gas due to their deep water levels, usually 30 feet or deeper. However, a variety of products are shipped from these ports every day.
Cotton, automobiles, bananas and more are shipped from technologically advanced deep water ports in Texas. Incoming and outgoing freight is monitored by MARAD, the Maritime Administration, which is a division of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Their role is to protect the surrounding marine life. A number of businesses utilize these ports thanks to their unique benefits.
Ports are designed to allow vessels and barges a place to essentially park and either receive freight or unload the current cargo before moving on to the final destination. A deep water port is made for larger, heavier boats to dock and unload. Standard seaports generally have a depth of 20 feet and can be used for recreational purposes, while deep water ports are built-in about 30-foot depths or more and are primarily used for consignments.
Deep water ports are also known for their ability to dock fully loaded Panamax ships. These boats are designed to transport massive portions of oil to other states. The port includes all related elements: pipeline, service facilities, mooring buoys, and pumping posts.
Environmentalists are concerned about the effects that importing and exporting natural gas and crude oil could have on the ocean. In an effort to reduce some of this fear, The deep water Port Act of 1974 was established. The act created a licensing program for any ports built beyond United States sea territory. The construction and ownership are monitored by the Maritime Administration who partners with multiple entities, including the Army Corps of Engineers, to ensure marine life is protected under all circumstances.
In order to be approved for one of these licenses, along with the application one must:
Advanced technology is installed with the construction of a new deep water port to assist with the supervision of oil spills, danger from waves, weather, and wind.
Seaports add a tremendous value to Texas’s economy. With the help of the Texas Freight Advisory Committee the transportation industry is expected to grow. Texas waterways should see a continuous increase in traffic enabled by the expansion of the Panama Canal.
Texas ports have been remarkably successful over the years.
Along with the Texas Freight Advisory Committee, the Maritime Administration helps to monitor ports across the state of Texas ensuring it is pushing to break even more records in the future. Maritime advises the use of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway for efficient transportation through the state.
There are a total of twelve ports throughout the state of Texas, ten of those ports are ranked in the U.S. top 100 list for the most tonnage. Each port handles a significant portion of domestic and foreign trade.
Some of the top producing are:
Port of Houston: This port is the largest in the state, operating along the Houston Ship Channel. Multiple companies have constructed buildings alongside the terminal, including petroleum businesses attempting to escape storms from the Gulf of Mexico.
Port of Beaumont: The fourth-busiest port in the United States, located in Beaumont by the Neches River. With a high capacity grain elevator, this terminal exports a great deal of bulk grains. This port has railway, highway and ocean access.
Port of Corpus Christi: Located on Corpus Christi Bay, this 45-foot deep water port was constructed after a devastating hurricane in 1919. Although this port is located within Texas borders, it is funded by the city rather than the state. The need for oil and gas during a weather emergency was recognized by the city officials, who continue to support this port today.
Port of Texas City: Opened in 1893 as one of the most popular deep water ports among the state, supporting three other ports. However, in 1947 it was blown to pieces when a docked ship caught fire and exploded. The city made it a priority to rebuild and it was quickly re-opened and remains one of the most reliable ports.
Port of Port Arthur: Opening in 2000, this port is one of the newest. It is completely up to Maritime Administration standards. However, in 2010 the channel leading to this port was drenched with oil after a tanker collided with another ship spilling over 400 thousand gallons of oil. Since that date, the channel has been cleared and the port is operating effectively.
Port of Galveston: Close to Galveston Island and the Gulf coast, this deep water port has been successful since the initial construction in 1825. In the early 19th century this port was the second busiest in the entire nation. Today, the port handles a variety of cargo and is one of the top ten terminals for cruise lines.
The port of Houston is not only the largest port in Texas but also one of the largest in the nation. The 25-mile wide port began within Houston’s limits but has since expanded as it supports private and public facilities. The annual income of this port averages at 168 million dollars moving roughly 212 million tons of cargo.
The port has two different terminals, one of which is stationed in Morgan’s Point and Bayport. This location does not allow recreational uses in exchange, the port authority offers 90-minute tours to view trading operations. As of October 2019, the port was undergoing renovations, expected to be completed in 2020.
This port is a leading point for international trade. 31 percent of exports are transported to Europe followed by Latin America at 22 percent.
Texas is a gateway for importing and exporting freight across the nation, and its success will only continue to grow. If you and your business are looking to take part in this growing industry but aren’t sure how to access deep water ports in Texas, contact R+L Global Logistics today and we will make the process easy. With experienced customer service representatives, your freight is our number one priority. Shipping freight by ocean can sometimes be time-consuming but no matter the product our team will work together to get you the best rates and get your product to its destination quickly. We take pride in our on-time deliveries with a 99.5 percent on-time delivery rate